Why Quality of Education Finland is The Best in the World?

Diposkan oleh soalsekolahdasar on Tuesday, April 15, 2014



Finish education system is the best in the world. Record of student achievement of the best in the OECD countries and in the world in reading, math, and science achieved Finnish students in PISA tests. United States and Europe, the whole world uproar. For each baby born to his family were given maternity package containing 3 books for mom, dad, and the baby itself. The reason, earlychildhood is the stage of the first and most critical learning in lifelong learning. 90% of brain growth occurs in the age of the children and 85% of brain paths develop before children enter primary school (7 years). Penchant read actively encouraged. Finland publishes more children's books than any country in the world. Teachers were given the freedom of implementing the government curriculum, free to choose the methods and textbooks. TV stations broadcast programs in foreign language with subtitles in the language so that the children finish reading even while watching TV. Education in schools took place to relax and go to class students must take off shoes, just socks. Active learning is applied to teachers who all graduated S2 and selected from the best tenlulusan university. People feel more honored to be a teacher than a doctor or an engineer. The frequency of testing is really reduced. The national examination is Matriculation Examination for entry PT. Private schools receive equal funding with funding for public schools. 25% increase in national income contributed by the increased quality of Finnish education. Of agricultural land that is not known now Finnish advanced in technology. Nokia HP products such as HP dominate world markets. That's the magic of Finnish education. What about Indonesia? Some argue, superior quality of Finnish education is not surprising because the country is very small with a population of about 5 million people, homogeneous population, and the country has existed a few hundred years. In contrast, Indonesia's population of more than 220 million people, very diverse consisting of diverse ethnic, religious, cultural, and social backgrounds. Newly independent Indonesia 66 years.



The same opinion was expressed by the leaders and education observers United States, Britain, France, Japan, and other countries compared to the country. The most embarrassed the U.S. because the unit cost of education budgets far exceed Finland but students reach grades 17 and 24 in the PISA tests, while China's Shanghai students rank 1, Finland 2, and South Korea 3. Problem students in Shanghai China winner still doubtful because not describe the state of the quality of education throughout China. If Finland as a small country could champion why a small country that has been established as Iceland, Norway, New Zealand can not? Finally, all admit that the Finnish education system is the best in the world because education policies consistently for over 40 years despite the ruling party changed. In general education policies of China and South Korea (and Singapore) are also consistent and the results look now. Indonesia's education policies tend tentative, like trial and error, and frequently changing. And what about the educational policiesIndonesia when compared to Finland? 1. We are still busy bombarding students with the many tests (daily tests block, mid-semester quiz, general quiz / increase in class, and national exams). Finland follows a policy of reducing the test so as little as possible. There is no national exam to students who complete high school education followed the Matriculation examination for admission PT. 2. We are still keen to apply the KKM (Minimal mastery criteria) so that students who failed the test must take the test and still stay remedial classes. In contrast, Finland embraced kebijakanautomatic promotion, automatic grade. Teachers ready to assist students who are left behind so that all grade. 3. We still think that PR is very important to familiarize students learn discipline. In fact, in a particular school, no day without homework. In contrast, in Finland PR still tolerable but only a maximum of half an hour time consuming when children learn at home. 4. We still dizzy improve the qualifications of primary school teachers to be equivalent to S1, in Finland all teachers should be graduates S2. 5. We still accept teacher candidates who graduated with a mediocre, whereas in Finland the best ten university graduates are accepted to be a teacher. 6. We are still busy forcing teachers to make the syllabus and lesson plans following the model of the center and forcing teachers use textbooks BSE (Electronic School Book), in Finland teachers are free to choose the form or model of teaching preparation and selecting methods and textbooks according to his discretion. 7. Only a handful of teachers in the country that makes the process of teaching and learning is fun (learning is fun) through the application of active learning. Most teachers are keen to teach a one-way lecture method is very dominant. Meanwhile, in Finland most teachers create a fun learning environment through the implementation of active learning and students are learning in small groups. Students' intrinsic motivation is the key to success in learning. Is this thing flying, floating or sinking? 8. In our country drifted to compartmentalize students in the regular classroom and classroom smart kids, slow kids class in Indonesian language and bilingual classes (English as a language of instruction) and make pengkastaan ​​schools (national standards, national plus schools, international schools, dianakemaskan public schools and private schools are dianaktirikan). By contrast, in Finland, there is no boxing pengkastaan ​​students and schools. Private schools get the same amount of funds to schools. 9. In Indonesia, English shall be taught from first grade junior high school, in the Finnish language began to be taught English from class III SD. The reason for this policy is to win the economic competition in Europe, open up wider job opportunities for graduates, develop insights appreciate cultural diversity. 10. In Indonesia our students to school as much as 220 days a year (including countries that implement effective number of days in a year to learn the highest in the world). In contrast, Finnish students to school just as much as 190 days in a year. The number of days off 30 days more than in Indonesia. We still adhere to the view that the more intelligent the more children to school, they are even argued more and more kids are smarter holiday.
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LEARNING METHOD

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According Sudjana (1989: 30) included in the learning component is "objective, materials, methods and tools as well as assessment of" teaching method teachers use almost nothing remains of it, because these methods bring results in the near future or in a relatively long. The results are said to be felt in the near future seabagi direct impact (Instructional effect) while the results felt in a long time reltif called impact accompanist (nurturant effect) usually bekenaan with attitudes and values. (Syaiful Bahri Djamarah, 2000.194) Types of Learning Methods:

1. METHODS LECTURE

Lecture method is a method that can be said of traditional methods. Because this method has long been used as a means of oral communication between teachers and students in educationalinteractions.

a. Excess Method Lectures

1) Teachers easily master class.
2) Easy to be implemented.
3) Can be followed by students in large numbers.
4) Teachers easily explained a large amount of lesson material.

b. Disadvantages Methods Lectures

1) The teaching of a verbal (word meaning).
2) Students are more responsive than the visual side will be lost and students are more responsive to larger auditifnya accept.
3) If it is too long tedious.
4) It is difficult to control the extent of students' learning acquisition.
5) Cause passive students.
Djamarah, Bahri, Syaiful. Teachers and Learners in Educational Interaction, Jakarta: PT Rineka Copyright, 2000.


2. EXPERIMENTAL METHOD

Experimental method is a method of giving an opportunity to the students individually or in groups, to be trained in performing a process or experiment. With this method the students are expected to fully engage planned experiment, experiment, discover facts, collect data, control variables, andsolve the problems they face are real.

a. Excess Experiment Method

1) This method can make students more confidence in the correctness or conclusions based on the experiments themselves rather than simply accept the word teacher or a book;
2) Students are able to develop an attitude to conduct an exploratory study (explore) on science and technology, the attitude required of a scientist, and
3) With this method would nurtured man that can bring new breakthroughs with the invention as a result of the experiments that are expected to benefit the welfare of human life.
b. Disadvantages Methods Experiment
1) Insufficient tools do not lead to any of the students had the opportunity to experiment;
2) If the experiment requires a longer period of time, students should be looking to continue the lessons, as well as
3) This method is more appropriate to present the fields of science and technology.
Djamarah, Bahri, Syaiful. Teachers and Learners in Educational Interaction, Jakarta: PT Rineka Copyright, 2000.

3. GRANT OF DUTIES AND METHODS 

Giving meaning tasks such as teacher asked the students to read, but with the added tasks such as search and read other books as a comparison, or told to observe the person / people after reading the book. Thus, giving the task is a job that must be completed without bound students with the place.
a. Excess Provision Method Task and recitation
1) The knowledge students gain from learning outcome itself will be remembered longer, and
2) Students had the opportunity to foster the development and the courage to take initiative, responsible, and independent.
b. Method of Providing Duty deficiency and recitation
1) Often students commit fraud in which students simply imitate the work of others without be bothered to do it yourself;
2) Sometimes the task was done by someone else without supervision, and
3) It is hard to assign tasks that meet indi ¬ vidual differences.
Djamarah, Bahri, Syaiful. Teachers and Learners in Educational Interaction, Jakarta: PT Rineka Copyright, 2000.

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How To Become An Elementary School Teacher

Diposkan oleh soalsekolahdasar

Teaching elementary school appeals to those who love young children and want to make a positive difference in their lives. It also requires lots of patience, stamina, and nerves of steel. Those considering a career as an elementary school teacher should know that while very rewarding, this occupation is not simply fun and games. To succeed as a teacher in the primary levels requires a special individual who understands the nature of the job and who also is familiar with the requirements to prepare for the job properly. This article attempts to provide a sufficient overview for those who are interested in getting started on the path towards this very interesting profession.

What does an elementary school teacher do?

Elementary school teachers are responsible for assisting children with educational and emotional development in the beginning of their academic years. Most elementary school teachers instruct one class of children in several subjects. In some cases, two or more teachers team up to cover a class. There are some elementary school teachers who teach one special subject (usually music, art, reading, science, arithmetic, or physical education) to a number of different classes at different times. A small but growing number of teachers instruct multilevel classrooms, with students at several different learning levels.


Elementary school teachers exist at both the public and private school level. They are responsible for doing many things. In addition to academic skills, they need to also teach social and motor skills to their young students. They need to prepare course objectives and outlines in accordance with the curriculum guidelines or requirements of the state and/or the school. Their instruction will include various combinations of lectures, demonstrations, and audiovisual teaching aids. They are continuously required to prepare, administer, and correct tests; and then record the test results. They assign lessons, correct papers, and hear oral presentations. Elementary school teachers are responsible for imparting rules of conduct to their class and for maintaining order in the classroom and on the playground. They will often counsel pupils when problems arise and will discuss academic and behavioral issues with parents. At various times of the year, they are also asked to coordinate class field trips. A typical daily schedule for an elementary school teacher might consist of the following:
7:15 - Arrive; get coffee
7:30 - Participate in an early meeting (possibly with school administrators, faculty, and/or parents)
8:00 - Last-minute preparations
8:10 - Pledge of Allegiance
8:15 - Take attendance; review notes from home; make announcements; pass out materials
8:25 - English lesson
9:00 - Library, computers, art or physical education (depending on day of the week)
9:25 - Social Studies lesson
10:10 - Recess break
10:30 - Math lesson
11:15 - Spelling/Spelling Game
11:40 - Lunch duty
12:30 - Story time, work on homework, or silent reading
1:15 - Reading lesson
1:40 - Science lesson
2:20 - Game
2:50 - Dismissal to car line
3:00 - After-school care
4:00 - Parent conferences; grade papers; input grades online; prepare for next day's activities
By 6:00 - Go home, possibly bringing any unfinished work
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, median annual wage for elementary school teachers in 2006 was $47,330. However, salary in most cases is closely related to number of years of tenure. The starting salary for an elementary school teacher is in the $30,000 range but this figure increases to well over $50,000 for a person with 20 years or more of experience. Another factor which raises the average pay for elementary school teachers is continuing education. Salaries tend to be much higher for teachers with a Master of Arts degree in Education. When considering yearly salaries, it should be kept in mind that elementary school teachers enjoy long holiday breaks and summers off and consequently work an average of over 600 hours (or about 30%) less per year for their full-time job than the average worker in the United States.

What steps should one follow to become an elementary school teacher?
Start working with young children at an early age as possible. This can be done by volunteering at a local elementary school or with nearby youth groups. A good way to get started is to contact the local United Way, school district, or parks and recreation department.
Achieve the necessary educational credentials. At a minimum this should include completion of a bachelor's degree. It does not necessarily have to be a degree in education, although most states require a specified number of education credits be earned over the course of study in order to teach in a public school. Some states also require teachers to earn a master's degree within a certain amount of time after starting to teach. A major in elementary education would be great if attending a college or university that offers it. An increasingly popular option nowadays is to enroll in a professional development school after earning a bachelor's degree. Typically a one-year program, the professional development schools combine theory with practice and allow post-graduates to experience teaching firsthand before entering the workforce.
Become a student-teacher. This is most often done as an internship before graduation, where university students studying to become elementary school teachers will work in elementary schools under the direct supervision of professional teachers. They are observed and monitored while developing and refining their first set of teaching skills.
Obtain teaching certification. Most states require elementary school teachers to receive certification in order to teach in public schools in that state. Licensure is not required for teachers in most private schools. In most states, licensure is granted by the State Board of Education to individuals who have passed all educational requirements and who complete a test based on competency in basic reading, writing and teaching skills. Requirements vary by state, but almost always include a bachelor's degree and completion of an approved teacher training program with a prescribed number of subject and education credits, as well as supervised practice teaching. Most states require applicants for a teacher's license to be tested in some manner for competency in basic skills, such as reading and writing, and in teaching. Private schools are generally exempt from meeting state licensing standards, although they generally prefer candidates who have a bachelor's degree in childhood education for elementary school teachers. They seek candidates among recent college graduates as well as from those who have established careers in other fields. Private schools associated with religious institutions also desire candidates who share the values that are important to the institution.

How can a person become a GREAT elementary school teacher?

Consider acquiring a specialty (e.g., reading or bilingual education). This will provide a teacher with an edge in the job market. Research the specialties that are most in demand in the particular locality of interest.
Be flexible. Continually modify materials and schedules to fit the needs of your students. Have a daily plan, but be flexible enough to make adjustments when necessary. A rigid schedule may not be adaptable to a widely diverse class. Be prepared to add variety to teaching style and lesson plans as needed.
Balance individual instruction with whole-class instruction. There can be a fine line between helping a child individually at the expense of the rest of the elementary school class. Extra help and encouragement is fine, but it is important to avoid taking too much time away from group instruction.
Consider joining a professional association. This will keep a teacher up-to-date with the latest advances and trends in the profession. Two popular associations are the American Federation of Teachers and the National Education Association.
Obtain advanced credentials. A quality elementary teacher continues to "raise the bar". A master's degree, even if not a requirement, is always a good idea. Another good idea is to obtain professional certification beyond that required for a license. The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards offers a voluntary national certification. Teachers may become certified in a variety of specialized areas based on the age of the students and/or the subject taught. All states recognize national certification and many school districts provide special benefits to teachers who earn certification.


Elementary school teachers have a very important job. They are charged with molding young students at an age when the students are most impressionable. They need to create a class environment favorable to learning and personal growth while at the same time motivating their students and establishing effective rapport with them. In addition, they need to be knowledgeable about not just one, but a wide variety of subjects they teach. A future elementary teacher who knows what to expect in the job and knows the proper approaches to follow to prepare for the job can get off to a great start and can look forward to an exciting career.
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Free Lecture on Foreign Univeritas

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When the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) offers a free online course (online) first last spring, Ashwith Rego immediately register in order to learn from some of the world's top researchers without having to leave his home in India.

"I never imagined that I could be taught by professors from MIT, let alone for free," said 24-year-oldengineer working in Bangalore are.

From Harvard to Stanford, a growing number of elite universities are opening their digital doors to the public. They offer the most popular courses in the virtual world for free, so anyone with an Internet connection can learn from leading scholars and scientists.

Many universities have offered courses in cyberspace for years, but the participation of top-tier research university marks a major milestone in the development of digital learning.

Development of the course on the Internet of a massive (massive open online courses, MOOC) has the potential to transform higher education in a time when universities face declining budgets, rising costs and tuition fees will protest and student debt have soared.

Supporters of this system say that online courses can reduce the cost of teachers, improving the campus and learning in the virtual world, and significantly expand access to higher education, which can drive technological innovation and economic growth.

"This system has the potential to serve hundreds of thousands of students in a way that we can not do now," said Molly Corbett Broad, president of the American Council of Education.

Last month, a dozen major research universities announced that they will begin to open up the course by means of learning called Coursera, joining Stanford University, Princeton, Pennsylvania and Virginia.

Parties to the University of California at Berkeley said that online courses will tersebdia this fall through EDX, Web portal, which was launched last May by Harvard University and MIT at a cost of U.S. $ 60 million from the two schools.

"I believe in the end this is going to revolutionize education," said UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert Birgeneau.

So far the students can not use the course to increase college credit, but it did not reduce demand.

Is EDX said that 154,000 students from more than 160 countries have signed up for the first MIT online course entitled "Circuits and Electronics" last spring. Only about 17,000 students who passed the course, but the number is still far greater than the number that can satisfy the lecture hall.

More than 120 universities have shown interest to join the consortium, said the president edx Anant Agarwal, who heads the Laboratory of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence at MIT.

"Our goal is to re-create the education system," said Agarwal, who created the first MIT courses. "This will dramatically improve the quality, efficiency and scale of learning around the world and on our campuses."

So far, the online courses to attract more new workers who want to improve their skills and knowledge, but do not have the time and money to attend college.

This new generation of online course featuring interactive technology, open-enrollment, high-caliber curriculum and ability to teach tens of thousands of students at once. Parties of the universities said that the course in cyberspace equally strict on-campus courses.

The students at Harvard University, one of the creators of a learning tool on the Internet. (Photo: Reuters)
Some universities, including the University of Washington and the University of Helsinki, said they would offer college credit for courses in Coursera.
If more colleges follow their lead, daraing learning will allow more students to enter college and graduate quickly, experts said.

In addition to potential cost savings, the new generation of online course this can change how students learn on campus with the task of freeing professors to give lectures and give them more time for research and discussion with the students.

"This will transform the work of the professors," said William Tierney, higher education experts from the University of Southern California.

But there are still many questions that remain. Are the courses are rigorous enough to justify college credit? How to prevent cheating? Can the university asking for thousands of dollars in tuition if students can take classes for free in cyberspace?

Some educators say that the course is Internet can not replace the academic community and traditional on-campus learning experience.

But others warn that the MOOC has the potential to undermine the university's finances, as well as free content on the Internet has threatened newspapers, magazines, and other industries.

If students can get a high quality academic content for free, the university will be forced to demonstrate the educational value they offer in addition to lectures and exams.

"I think we can not ignore this," said Tierney. "People think what happened to the newspaper industry is not going to happen in the world academia."

Once up and growing, many courses can almost take care of itself. They generally show a short video contains a lecture followed by a quiz that tests students on the concepts they have just learned. Most of the math and science exams can be judged by the computer, while the humanitiescourse participants evaluate each assignment papers each.

The courses are run by the schedule ranges from a few weeks to several months, so the students can form discussion groups and help each other with homework.

"There is a very active student community on the Internet," said George Skelly, a lawyer from Boston who took electronics courses MIT this spring. "I like having thousands of assistant professors who are ready at any time."

This year, some facilities appeared on the Internet and attract elite universities who are eager to develop their digital learning program.

Coursera created by Andrew Ng and Daphne Koller, two professors from Stanford who started creating these facilities after teaching computer science courses on the Internet that attract more than 100,000 students last fall.

Last fall this time, Coursera will offer 116 courses from 16 universities for disciplines such as medicine, philosophy and artificial intelligence. So far, about 900,000 students have signed up.

The Mountain View-based startup has raised $ 16 million from venture capital firms of Silicon Valley and $ 3.7 million from the California Institute of Technology and the University of Pennsylvania.

Although Coursera is an attempt to make a profit, the company is committed to continuing to deliver the courses for free, says Ng.

"If a child can not study in India, it is a tragedy. If universities like Princeton to teach millions of students, I think the world would be a better place, "said Ng.

Coursera are looking for ways to bring in revenue, including asking students to pay the certificate and request payment from the companies who are looking for the best students.

Faced with a shortage of human resources in the fields of engineering, many technology companies have requested introduced to students who successfully complete their online courses, says Ng. Some students told her that they get a new job after showing Coursera certificate to the company.

Georgia Institute of Technology plans to open five courses in Coursera this fall, says Richard DeMillo, a computer science professor who heads the Center for 21st Century Universities.

"We're in the midst of experiments that have the potential to make a breakthrough," says DeMillo. "Things are very large may be generated by it." (AP / Terence Chea)
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